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grammar - prefixing

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Post March 30 2011, 16:14 PM
heygirlhey
Getting Addicted
 
Posts: 69
i think a prefix is when you put like an n or a g or something in front of a word for example

a intinn or a n-intinn

when you are talking about a boy, do you put in the prefix

my sentence is, he changes his mind

thanks

 
Post March 30 2011, 16:22 PM
kokoshneta
Giostaire
 
Posts: 3071
You do not, no. The possessive adjective a has three different meanings: ‘his’, ‘her’, and ‘their’.

These meanings are distinguished by the word’s effect on the following word:

  • if it causes lenition to consonants and leaves vowels alone, it means ‘his’
  • if it leaves consonants alone but prefixes h to vowels, it means ‘her’
  • if it causes eclipsis and prefixes n to vowels, it means ‘their’

So, ‘he changes his mind’ would be Athraíonn sé a intinn, with no h or n prefixed.
Not a native speaker. If in doubt, await native confirmation.

Post March 30 2011, 16:23 PM
Redwolf
Ard-Banríon na Ráiméise
 
Posts: 57599
heygirlhey wrote:i think a prefix is when you put like an n or a g or something in front of a word for example

a intinn or a n-intinn

when you are talking about a boy, do you put in the prefix

my sentence is, he changes his mind

thanks


With possessive adjectives, whether there is a letter prefixed or not (and which it is) depends on whether you are speaking of "his," "hers" or "theirs."

Irish uses the same possessive adjective for all three: "a."

A intinn: His mind

A hintinn: Her mind

A n-intinn: Their mind

Redwolf

Post March 30 2011, 16:24 PM
Redwolf
Ard-Banríon na Ráiméise
 
Posts: 57599
Oops! Simulpost!

Redwolf

Post March 30 2011, 16:47 PM
heygirlhey
Getting Addicted
 
Posts: 69
go raibh maith agaibh,

you just explained to me in like 5 seconds what i was trying to learn for 3 years lmao



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